Mark Allen and Paula Newby-Fraser earned victories in the 1991 edition of the Ironman World Championship.

Join Triathlete.com as we look back at the history of Ironman Hawaii with photo galleries from the past 28 years. Check back on Tuesday for images from the 1992 race.

Ironman Hawaii 1991
Mark Allen was the two-time defending Kona champ and the heavy favorite going into the 1991 championship. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Athletes lined up in Kailua Bay, just behind the finish line location, waiting for the race to start. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Starting the day. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Wolfgang Dittrich cam out of the water with a two minute lead over Mark Allen and the rest of the lead pack. He started down the Queen K by himself. The big German was also one of the fastest riders in the field and he stretched his lead on the bike. Photo: Lois Schwartz
sara coope
Sara Coope lost time during the swim, coming out of the water in 1:02:34. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Allen took control of the 1990 race during the bike, but bided his time during the second leg in 1991. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Paula Newby-Fraser flipped the script from 1990 and swam faster than Erin Baker. She had a 90-second advantage over her rival to start the ride. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Kenny Glah blew up in 1990 and was in the mix early on the bike in 1991. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Pauli Kiuru stuck close to Mark Allen and the rest of the lead group during the bike. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Baker built a small advantage over Newby-Fraser on the ride in 1990, but it was Newby-Fraser who pulled away this year. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
An age grouper out on the Queen K Highway. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Allen, Kiuru and Greg Welch were closely packed on the ride with Dittrich up the road. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Terry Schneider moved up the pack with a 5:25 bike split on the way to finishing 8th in 9:34:15. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Kiuru once again had himself close to the lead on the bike, ready to run for a top position. He split 4:45:20. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Defending champ Erin Baker did her best to keep Newby-Fraser in sight. She rode 5:08:47 to come off the bike just under five minutes behind the leader. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Paul Huddle emerged from the swim toward the front of the group, but lost time on the bike. He split 5:02:05. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Jeff Devlin, 10th place in 1990, closed on the top riders during the bike and had the first group in sight by the late stages of his 4:43:11 ride. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Allen’s immense confidence in his ability to run led him to sit during the ride instead of breaking away. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Scott Tinley forced himself to ride solo because of a sub-par swim and he pedaled to a 4:49:59 split. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Greg Welch proved himself a top contender by swimming and cycling close to Allen. He got off the bike in the mix. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Mark Allen. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Kiuru and Allen starting the run, heading up to Ali’i Drive to behind the marathon. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Newby-Fraser started the marathon on a tear and stretched her lead after getting off the bike in first. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Devlin started strongly and tried to keep Welch in sight for second place while streaking through town during the first miles of the run. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Allen waiting during the early miles and allowed Kiuru to set the pace. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Scott Tinley in the final miles of the marathon. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
As the race progressed, Newby-Fraser’s advantage continued to grow. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Greg Welch passed Kiuru and gradually built a small advantage over Devlin for second place. He crossed the line second and established himself as a serious contender for the future. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Newby-Fraser split 3:07:05. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Allen ran the fastest marathon other than Ironwar in 1989, splitting 2:42:09 on the way to his third consecutive title. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Newby-Fraser dispatched Baker to earn her fourth Ironman title in 9:07:52. Baker came next in 9:23:37 and Sara Coope finished third. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Tinley came across the line in sixth. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Jos Everts staggering across the line in 11th. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
He finished in 8:55:32. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Mark Allen with Julie Moss, his then wife. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Newby-Fraser getting protection from her agent, Murphy Reinschreiber Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Lonely miles on the Queen K Highway during the marathon. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Ironman Hawaii. Photo: Lois Schwartz
Ironman Hawaii 1991
Athletes holding glow sticks to stay safe while progressing toward the finish. Photo: Lois Schwartz